Tropical Infectious Diseases and the Kidney

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Tropical Infectious Diseases and the Kidney

Fig. 12.1 Ultrasonography of a patient with unilateral renal tuberculosis showing dilated collecting system (caliectasis) and thinning of the renal parenchyma. From Figueiredo et al. [9]; used with permission Fig….

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IgA Nephropathy and Schöenlein-Henoch Purpura Nephritis

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on IgA Nephropathy and Schöenlein-Henoch Purpura Nephritis

Gastrointestinal diseases Celiac disease Crohn’s disease Ulcerative colitis Hepatic diseases Alcoholic liver disease Hepatic B viral infections Chronic schistosomiasis Cryptogenic cirrhosis Primary biliary cirrhosis Portosystemic shunts Autoimmune diseases Granulomatosis with…

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Amyloidosis

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Amyloidosis

(1) Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA (2) Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA   Abstract Amyloidosis is a group of diseases characterized by…

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Reflux Nephropathy and Vesicoureteral Reflux

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Reflux Nephropathy and Vesicoureteral Reflux

Fig 25.1 Voiding cystourethrogram revealed right vesicoureteral reflux to blunted calices (not shown). Images provided by Dr. Akira Kawashima, Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN Fig 25.2 Delayed enhanced…

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Chronic Interstitial Nephritis

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Chronic Interstitial Nephritis

Fig. 24.1 Simplistic schematic representation of the general relationship between inflammatory cells (resident and infiltrating), vessels, fibroblasts, tubules and extracellular matrix in the normal kidney. The interrelation and interaction between…

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Cryoglobulinemias

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Cryoglobulinemias

Fig. 7.1 Skin histology. Cryoglobulinemic vasculitis with fibrinoid necrosis of the capillary walls with pyknotic nuclei and nuclear debris of granulocytes and mononuclear cell infiltrates Rheumatologic Manifestations.  Arthralgias, usually bilateral…

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Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and the Kidney

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and the Kidney

Fig. 11.1 The pathogenesis of lupus nephritis and novel therapies based on pathogenic pathways. In this model lupus nephritis begins with the accumulation of autoreactive self-antigens such as nucleosomes. The…

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Anti-glomerular Basement Membrane Disease

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Anti-glomerular Basement Membrane Disease

Anti-GBM disease ANCA-associated vasculitis • May present with rapidly progressive renal failure and anuria • Systemic prodromal symptoms are uncommon • Dialysis dependency at presentation rarely associated with renal recovery…

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Cytomegalovirus, BK, and Other Viral Infections of the Kidney

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Cytomegalovirus, BK, and Other Viral Infections of the Kidney

Fig. 14.1 Renal biopsy showing a large cell with CMV inclusions and surrounding interstitial inflammation (H&E, 60×) Fig. 14.2 Immunohistochemistry (immunoperoxidase staining) showing CMV-infected cells Other Immunocompromised Hosts Besides renal…

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Membranous Nephropathy

Oct 11, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Membranous Nephropathy

Fig. 5.1 Representative light microscopy showing thickened glomerular basement membranes with spikes and pinholes (arrows) on higher power. (a) PAS stain, 40×; (b) PAS 60×; (c) Silver stain 60×; (d)…

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