NEPHROLOGY

Hereditary Tubulopathies

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Hereditary Tubulopathies

Abstract Hereditary tubular transport disorders comprise a group of diseases that usually present in the neonatal period, lead to profound derangements in the homeostasis of electrolytes, minerals, or organic solutes…

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Kidney Injury in the Neonate

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Kidney Injury in the Neonate

Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) is very common in the neonatal period occurring in approximately 6% to 24% of newborns in the ICU. Emerging data suggest that AKI lends itself…

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Edema

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Edema

Abstract Edema is an abnormal accumulation of extracellular water resulting from malfunction of the physiologic mechanisms that regulate total body water, circulating intravascular volume, and the maintenance of cellular and…

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Neonatal Hypertension: Diagnosis and Management

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Neonatal Hypertension: Diagnosis and Management

Abstract Hypertension in neonates is increasingly recognized as a result of advances in our ability to identify, evaluate, and care for premature infants. Normative data on normal blood pressure (BP)…

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Use of Diuretics in the Newborn

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Use of Diuretics in the Newborn

Abstract Diuretics increase salt and water renal excretion. They do it by acting mainly on electrolyte and water transport across renal tubules. The sites of action of diuretics include the…

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Acute Problems of Prematurity: Balancing Fluid Volume and Electrolyte Replacements in Very Low Birth Weight and Extremely Low Birth Weight Neonates

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Acute Problems of Prematurity: Balancing Fluid Volume and Electrolyte Replacements in Very Low Birth Weight and Extremely Low Birth Weight Neonates

Abstract In this chapter, we will discuss three problem areas for achieving fluid and electrolyte balance in the extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant less than 1000 g at birth, and…

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Glomerular Filtration Rate in Neonates

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Glomerular Filtration Rate in Neonates

Abstract Ultrafiltration of plasma across permselective glomerular capillaries and urine formation start around the 10th week of gestation and increase throughout prenatal and postnatal life. The rapid development of glomerular…

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