NEPHROLOGY

Disorders of Potassium Metabolism

Nov 17, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Disorders of Potassium Metabolism

Disorders of Potassium Metabolism Biff F. Palmer Thomas D. DuBose Jr. Introduction Potassium plays a key role in maintaining cell function. All cells possess the ubiquitous Na+/K+ ATPase exchanger, which…

read more

Disorders of Water Homeostasis

Nov 17, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Disorders of Water Homeostasis

Disorders of Water Homeostasis Tomas Berl Robert W. Schrier Historical and Evolutionary Aspects of Renal Concentrating and Diluting Processes In From Fish to Philosopher, Smith (1) suggested that the concentrating…

read more

Management of Sickle Cell Anemia

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Management of Sickle Cell Anemia

Fig. 13.1 Red blood cells of a patient with sickle-cell disease. Left: Oxygenated. Right: Deoxygenated. The shape of the cells when deoxygenated causes them to break easily. [Courtesy of Dr….

read more

Post-Transplant Anemia

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Post-Transplant Anemia

(a) Blood loss anemia   Intraoperative blood loss   Repeated blood draws—phlebotomy   Gastrointestinal   Menstrual blood losses (b) Decreased RBC production  Decreased effective production   Iron deficiency—absolute or functional   Folate deficiency—medications   Pure red cell…

read more

Anemia in Malignancy

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Anemia in Malignancy

Grade Symptom severity Hemoglobin values 0 Within normal limits 12.0–16.0 g/dL for women and 14.0–18.0 g/dL for men 1 Mild 10 g/dL to levels within normal limits 2 Moderate 8.0–10.0 g/dL 3 Serious/severe 6.5–7.9 g/dL…

read more

Current and Novel Drugs for Management of Anemia

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Current and Novel Drugs for Management of Anemia

Fig. 5.1 Normal erythropoiesis. The hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), once committed, differentiates into the blast-forming units—erythroid (BFU-E) that in turn differentiates into the colony-forming unit—erythroid (CFU-E). The proerythroblast (Pro-EB), the…

read more

Anemia in Liver Disease

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Anemia in Liver Disease

Acute blood loss anemia (portal hypertension-related)  Esophageal varices  Gastric varices  Rectal varices Chronic blood loss anemia  Portal hypertensive gastropathy  Portal hypertensive enteropathy  Portal hypertensive colopathy  Gastric-antral vascular ectasia Acute hemolytic…

read more
Premium Wordpress Themes by UFO Themes