NEPHROLOGY

Direct Bacterial Infection of the Renal Parenchyma: Pyelonephritis in Native Kidneys

Oct 27, 2017 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Direct Bacterial Infection of the Renal Parenchyma: Pyelonephritis in Native Kidneys

(a) Conditions favoring APN and increasing the clinical severity Age >65 years Diabetes Cancer Pregnancy Urinary tract obstruction Urinary tract anatomic/functional abnormalities Immunosuppression Broad antibiotic resistance Neurologic bladder Hospital-acquired infection Urethral catheter,…

read more

Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis

Oct 27, 2017 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis

Fig. 1.1 An enlarged glomerulus shows diffuse endocapillary hypercellularity with numerous neutrophils and closure of all glomerular capillaries. The glomerulus is increased in size and cellularity, H&E, ×200 Fig. 1.2 Acute diffuse…

read more

Infection-Associated Thrombotic Microangiopathy

Oct 27, 2017 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Infection-Associated Thrombotic Microangiopathy

Primary TMA syndromes     Hereditary disorders          ADAMTS13 deficiency-mediated TMA (also called TTP)          Complement-mediated TMA          Coagulation-mediated TMA     Acquired disorders          ADAMTS13 deficiency-mediated TMA (also called TTP)          Shiga toxin-mediated TMA (also called ST-HUS)          Drug-mediated…

read more

Endocarditis-Associated Glomerulonephritis

Oct 27, 2017 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Endocarditis-Associated Glomerulonephritis

Fig. 4.1 Two glomeruli with segmental necrosis and one with a cellular crescent (glomerulus on the left) in a 62-year-old male with crescentic glomerulonephritis associated with mitral valve Streptococcus viridans infective…

read more

Glomerulonephritis Associated with Other Bacterial Infections

Oct 27, 2017 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Glomerulonephritis Associated with Other Bacterial Infections

Fig. 3.1 Histological spectrum in infection-associated glomerulonephritis. a–c Infection-associated exudative glomerulonephritis with numerous infiltrating neutrophils is usually associated with acute presentation of nephritic syndrome (a H&E, ×400). The glomerular deposits are C3-dominant…

read more

Bacterial Infection of the Renal Allograft

Oct 27, 2017 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Bacterial Infection of the Renal Allograft

Fig. 8.1 Zonal pattern of inflammation is more common in pyelonephritis (as opposed to diffuse inflammation in acute rejection) in which inflamed areas of renal cortex are immediately juxtaposed to well-preserved…

read more

Metabolic Acidosis

Sep 18, 2017 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Metabolic Acidosis

CHAPTER7 Metabolic Acidosis Adam M. Franks and Joseph I. Shapiro Recommended Time to Complete: 2 Days Guiding Questions 1. Why is evaluation of acid–base status important? 2. What is “buffering?”…

read more

Metabolic Alkalosis

Sep 18, 2017 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Metabolic Alkalosis

CHAPTER8 Metabolic Alkalosis Adam M. Franks and Joseph I. Shapiro Recommended Time to Complete: 1 Day Guiding Questions 1. What is metabolic alkalosis and how does it occur? 2. What…

read more
Premium Wordpress Themes by UFO Themes