NEPHROLOGY

Integrative Case Studies

Oct 10, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Integrative Case Studies

Case 1 A 65-year-old man has congestive heart failure. He is seen by his physician because he has run out of his medications. He presents with easy fatigability, shortness of…

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Review Examination

Oct 10, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Review Examination

Chapter 1 1. A healthy individual weighs 50 kg. What is the volume of this individual’s extracellular fluid compartment? a. 2.5 L b. 7.5 L c. 10.0 L d. 20.0…

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Nephron Function

Oct 10, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Nephron Function

Summary By Transport Process TABLE C.1 Na + and Cl − Reabsorption Nephron Segment Mechanism Regulation Proximal tubule Na + -H + antiport, Na + -solute symporters, Cl – -HCO…

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Normal Laboratory Values

Oct 10, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Normal Laboratory Values

Traditional Units SI Units Arterial Blood Gases P co 2 33-44 mm Hg 4.4-5.9 kPa P o 2 75-105 mm Hg 10.0-14.0 kPa pH 7.35-7.45 [H + ] 36-44 nmol/L…

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Physiology of Diuretic Action

Oct 10, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Physiology of Diuretic Action

Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, the student should be able to answer the following questions: • What effects do diuretics have on Na + handling by the kidneys? •…

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Regulation of Potassium Balance

Oct 10, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Regulation of Potassium Balance

Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, the student should be able to answer the following questions: • How does the body maintain K + homeostasis? • What is the distribution…

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