UROLOGY

Diagnostic Ureteroscopy

Oct 10, 2019 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Diagnostic Ureteroscopy

4.1 Generalities In selected cases in which clinical, laboratory, and/or imagistic data are equivocal, establishing a correct diagnosis may require the endoscopic exploration of the upper urinary tract. Due to…

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Instruments

Oct 10, 2019 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Instruments

3.1 Generalities The instruments used for the ureteroscopic approach of upper urinary tract conditions are in a continuous evolution. The first ureteroscopes were too large in diameter, their use being…

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Ureteroscopy in Particular Situations

Oct 10, 2019 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Ureteroscopy in Particular Situations

13.1 Generalities Ureteroscopy in children, in pregnancy, and in patients with reno-ureteral malformations present certain particular aspects regarding the diagnostic algorithm, operative technique, and postoperative follow-up. The difficulties regarding retrograde…

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Ureteroscopy in the Treatment of Iatrogenic Injuries

Oct 10, 2019 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Ureteroscopy in the Treatment of Iatrogenic Injuries

12.1 Generalities Iatrogenic ureteral lesions can occur as a complication of abdominal surgical procedures, but in most cases they are due to pelvic or retroperitoneal interventions. The incidence of iatrogenic…

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