UROLOGY

Invasive Urodynamics

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Invasive Urodynamics

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   There are two principal methods of invasive urodynamic investigation: Conventional urodynamics Ambulatory urodynamics Conventional urodynamics usually take place in…

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Noninvasive Urodynamics

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Noninvasive Urodynamics

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   Classically, noninvasive urodynamics include uroflowmetry and post-void residual assessment. 6.1 Uroflowmetry 6.1.1 Definition Flow is defined by the fluid…

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Electromyography of Pelvic Floor Muscles

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Electromyography of Pelvic Floor Muscles

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   Electromyography (EMG) is a study of bioelectrical activity of striated muscles. The unit of measure is in microvolts (µV)….

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Key Symptoms Analysis and Diagnostic Algorithms

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Key Symptoms Analysis and Diagnostic Algorithms

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   There are several standardized validated questionnaire to aid the clinician in evaluating lower urinary tract symptoms, degree of bother,…

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Urethral Profilometry

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Urethral Profilometry

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   The urethral pressure profile (UPP) is a graph indicating the intraluminal pressure along the length of the urethra from…

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Ambulatory Urodynamics

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Ambulatory Urodynamics

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   Conventional urodynamics is a “nonphysiological” test, since it involves a retrograde rapid filling of the bladder in a laboratory…

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Urodynamics of the Upper Urinary Tract

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Urodynamics of the Upper Urinary Tract

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   Urodynamics of upper urinary tract is often synonymous with the assessment of upper urinary tract dilatation without apparent cause…

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Physical Examination and Laboratory Tests

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Physical Examination and Laboratory Tests

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   Physical examination in general should evaluate mental status, body mass index, mobility, physical dexterity, and abnormal gait. More specifically,…

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Videourodynamics (VUDS)

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Videourodynamics (VUDS)

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   Videourodynamic studies consist of the simultaneous measurement of multichannel urodynamic parameters with imaging (fluoroscopy) of the lower urinary tract…

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The Framework of Basic Science

Sep 23, 2017 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on The Framework of Basic Science

(1) Functional Urology Unit, Casa Madre Fortunata Toniolo, Bologna, Italy   1.1 What Is Urodynamics? Urodynamics is the study of the function of the lower urinary tract, e.g., bladder and…

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