Pancreatitis

Jul 24, 2019 by in GASTROENTEROLOGY Comments Off on Pancreatitis

Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is more prevalent in children than previously believed. The diagnosis of pancreatitis has increased over the last decade, and large children’s hospitals treat 100 to…

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Nutritional Assessment

Jul 24, 2019 by in GASTROENTEROLOGY Comments Off on Nutritional Assessment

Nutritional assessment is an integral part of the clinical care of children with gastrointestinal disorders, as nutritional status can affect response to illness and outcome. Given the complex processes of…

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Management of Diarrhea

Jul 24, 2019 by in GASTROENTEROLOGY Comments Off on Management of Diarrhea

Hippocrates was the first to define the term “diarrhea” literally from the Greek “rhea” (to flow) and “dia” (through). Diarrhea is classified as acute or chronic (lasting more than 2…

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Enteral Nutrition

Jul 24, 2019 by in GASTROENTEROLOGY Comments Off on Enteral Nutrition

The preferred route for the nutritional support of a sick child is via the alimentary canal. Enteral alimentation provides the most acceptable and effective method for maintaining and repleting the…

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Parenteral Nutrition

Jul 24, 2019 by in GASTROENTEROLOGY Comments Off on Parenteral Nutrition

Parenteral nutrition (PN) is the intravenous administration of nutrients necessary for the maintenance of life. The nutrient components of PN include dextrose, amino acids, fat, electrolytes, multivitamins, and trace elements….

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Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Jul 24, 2019 by in GASTROENTEROLOGY Comments Off on Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a rare group of neoplasms, especially in children and adolescents, with an estimated incidence of 0.18 cases per million in individuals younger than 19 years…

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Pancreatic Development

Jul 24, 2019 by in GASTROENTEROLOGY Comments Off on Pancreatic Development

Buds Form and Fuse The pancreas arises early in gestation from the posterior foregut endoderm. A dorsal and a ventral bud first form before migrating and eventually fusing to form…

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Diseases of the Gallbladder

Jul 24, 2019 by in GASTROENTEROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Gallbladder

Gallbladder disease in children has evolved over the last 25 years. Improved diagnostic modalities, such as abdominal ultrasound, have led to “incidental” or “silent” gallstones being detected more often in…

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