Tumor lysis syndrome

Mar 16, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Tumor lysis syndrome

Introduction Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) describes the series of metabolic events that result from the death of rapidly dividing cancer cells. When cancer cells die, either spontaneously or in response…

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Evaluation of a renal cyst/mass

Mar 16, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Evaluation of a renal cyst/mass

Introduction Epidemiology and risk factors Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the eighth most common malignancy in the world. According to the National Cancer Institute, in 2017 approximately 64,000 diagnoses were…

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Renal cell cancer

Mar 16, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Renal cell cancer

Introduction Kidney cancer, or renal cell carcinoma (RCC), is the most common malignancy seen in the practice of nephrology. It is one of the relatively few cancers whose incidence is…

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Wilms tumor and von Hippel Lindau disease

Mar 16, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Wilms tumor and von Hippel Lindau disease

Introduction Nephroblastoma, or Wilms tumor (WT), is the most common primary renal malignancy in childhood and represents 6% of all childhood cancers. WTs comprise over 95% of all kidney tumors…

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Radiation nephropathy

Mar 16, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Radiation nephropathy

Definition Radiation nephropathy is the kidney parenchymal injury and loss of function caused by radiation exposure to the kidneys. Its typical form is caused by external beam ionizing radiation, by…

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Cancer screening recommendations

Mar 16, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Cancer screening recommendations

Paraneoplastic glomerulopathy remains a rare clinical entity. Please refer to Chapters 22 and 23 for a more detailed discussion on the reported prevalence and some of the purported mechanisms for…

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Paraneoplastic glomerular diseases

Mar 16, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Paraneoplastic glomerular diseases

Introduction Paraneoplastic syndromes refer to manifestations of cancer that are not related to tumor burden, invasion, or metastatic disease. The manifestations may be systemic or organ-limited and can involve virtually…

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Paraneoplastic glomerulonephritis

Mar 16, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Paraneoplastic glomerulonephritis

Introduction Paraneoplastic syndrome refers to “clinical manifestations that are not directly related to tumor burden, invasion or metastasis, but are caused by secretion of tumor cell products, such as hormones,…

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