UROLOGY

Laser Lithotripsy

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Laser Lithotripsy

Fig. 8.1 Example of high-powered laser Lumenis (Yokneam, Israel) has developed a new technology for their Lumenis Pulse™ 120H laser dubbed the “Moses effect .” The laser pulse is modulated…

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Ureteroscope Technology

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Ureteroscope Technology

Fig. 3.1 Light bending Subsequent discoveries in the field of light transmission over the next several decades led to the field of fiberoptics. Documentation of these advancements was undertaken by…

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Flexible Ureteroscopes

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Flexible Ureteroscopes

Fig. 6.1 The PolyDiagnost PolyScope Fig. 6.2 The Boston Scientific LithoVue Fig. 6.3 The Pusen PU3022a Comparing Single-Use and Reusable Flexible Scopes The LithoVue and other similar scopes offer a…

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Safety During Surgery for Urolithiasis

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Safety During Surgery for Urolithiasis

Fig. 4.1 Schema of radiation exposure from direct and scattered radiation for the surgeon and surgical assistant Standard diagnostic imaging for nephrolithiasis is mostly performed with non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT)…

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for Ureteroscopy: Guidelines

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on for Ureteroscopy: Guidelines

  AUA Guideline EAU Guideline Ureteral stones Ureteral stones – general recommendations Size >10 mm Size >6 mm Treat after 4–6 weeks if failed conservative management No specific observation time period recommended…

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and Care of Ureteroscopic Instruments

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on and Care of Ureteroscopic Instruments

Fig. 5.1 (a) The flexible ureteroscope has been inserted in the sheath, but its deflection mechanism remains inside it. The deflection is significantly limited, and the mechanism of deflection is…

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Radical Prostatectomy

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Radical Prostatectomy

Fig. 5.1 Incising peritoneal fold to enter the retropubic space. (From Patel et al. [8], with permission) Fig. 5.2 Entry into the retropubic space of Retzius showing the boundary of…

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and Robot-Assisted Adrenalectomy

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on and Robot-Assisted Adrenalectomy

Indications Aldosterone-producing adenoma Cortisol-producing adenoma Bilateral adrenal hyperplasia Pheochromocytoma Nonfunctioning adenoma >4 cm Symptomatic cyst Symptomatic myelolipoma Solitary adrenal metastasis Contraindications Large tumor >10 cm (relative) Morbid obesity (relative) Uncorrected…

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for Stone Disease

Oct 20, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on for Stone Disease

Fig. 11.1 Example of video tower components including light source, processor, and recording devices Historically, video systems were analogue and interfaced with fiber-optic or rod-lens endoscopes. The camera head would…

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