UROLOGY

Diseases of the Bladder

Aug 21, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Bladder

Diseases of the Bladder 3.1 Bacterial Cystitis See Table 3.1. N Engl J Med 2003; 349: 259 3.2 Emphysematous Cystitis See Table 3.1. 3.3 Candidal Urinary Tract Infections See Table…

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Diseases of the Adrenal

Aug 21, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Adrenal

Diseases of the Adrenal 1.1 Cushing’s Syndrome Am J Fam Phys 2000;62:5; J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003;88:5593; N Engl J Med 1995;332:791 Cause: A condition resulting from long-term exposure to…

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Salvage Therapy for Non–muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer

Aug 18, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Salvage Therapy for Non–muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-refractory high-grade non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer remains a challenging problem. Radical cystectomy is standard of care, but carries significant morbidity. Therefore, there is a need for effective treatments. Previous…

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Intravesical Gene Therapy

Aug 18, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Intravesical Gene Therapy

Non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer is a challenging disease to treat, with few effective salvage intravesical options available for patients who develop bacillus Calmette-Guerin–unresponsive disease. Although radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy remains…

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Combination Intravesical Therapy

Aug 18, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Combination Intravesical Therapy

After Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) failure, there is likely a 6- to 24-month window whereby salvage intravesical therapy might allow for preservation of the bladder without disease worsening. Combination intravesical, salvage…

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Apaziquone for Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

Aug 18, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Apaziquone for Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

Apaziquone is an interesting drug for intravesical use in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer; however, more research is needed to prove its actual benefit. Although the apaziquone trials demonstrate…

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Heated Intravesical Chemotherapy

Aug 18, 2020 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Heated Intravesical Chemotherapy

Non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer can be a challenging disease to manage. In recent years, hyperthermia therapy in conjunction with intravesical therapy has been gaining traction as a treatment option for bladder…

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