NEPHROLOGY

Renal Modulation: The Renin-Angiotensin System

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Renal Modulation: The Renin-Angiotensin System

Abstract The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a critical role in the maintenance of salt and water homeostasis by the kidneys. However, the inappropriate activation of this system results in abnormal…

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Perinatal Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Perinatal Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism

Abstract Disturbances in mineral homeostasis, common in newborns, may be caused by altered responses to normal physiologic transition from the intrauterine environment to neonatal independence. Mineral disturbances in newborns, either…

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Acid-Base Homeostasis in the Fetus and Newborn

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Acid-Base Homeostasis in the Fetus and Newborn

Abstract This chapter addresses the physiology and regulation of fetal and neonatal acid-base balance at the cellular and organ system levels, with attention to the clinical relevance of the complex…

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Potassium Metabolism

Apr 4, 2019 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Potassium Metabolism

Abstract Potassium levels in the blood are tightly regulated. Deviations from this normal range can be life-threatening, and treatment should be based on an understanding of the underlying physiology and…

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