NEPHROLOGY

Disease State: Kidney Disease

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Disease State: Kidney Disease

Method Equation Cockcroft-Gault [(140—Age in years) × (Weight in kg) × (0.85 if female)]/(72 × Scr in mg/dL) MDRD 186 × (Scr)−1.154 × (Age)−0.203 × (0.742 if female) × (1.212 if African American) CKD-EPI A × (Scr/B)C × (0.993)Age A: African American female = 166; African American male = 163;…

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Anemia of Chronic Kidney Disease

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Anemia of Chronic Kidney Disease

  Oral agents Intravenous agents Most common agents Ferrous fumarate Ferric gluconate Ferrous gluconate Ferumoxytol Ferrous sulfate Iron sucrose Polysaccharide-iron complex  Side effects Gastrointestinal (metallic taste, flatulence, constipation, diarrhea, abdominal…

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The Complex Relationships Between Iron Regulation, Obesity, and Anemia

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on The Complex Relationships Between Iron Regulation, Obesity, and Anemia

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018Robert Provenzano, Edgar V. Lerma and Lynda Szczech (eds.)Management of Anemiadoi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7360-6_10 10. The Complex Relationships Between Iron Regulation, Obesity, and Anemia Stephen Z. Fadem1   (1) Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, 6624…

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Nutritional Anemia in Adults and in Elderly Patients

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Nutritional Anemia in Adults and in Elderly Patients

Etiology Prevalence (%) Chronic inflammation (chronic disease) 23.0 Iron deficiency 18 Renal failure 9 Liver disease and endocrine disease (chronic disease) 7 Posthemorrhagic 7 Folate deficiency 6 Myelodysplasia 5 Vitamin…

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Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Fig. 2.1 Mechanisms of erythropoiesis and iron homeostasis Enterocyte iron absorption is an extremely complicated process whose scope goes beyond the goal of this presentation. Understanding of some basic elements…

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Anemia of Chronic Disease

Apr 8, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Anemia of Chronic Disease

Associated disorder Estimated prevalence (%) of the disorder Infections (acute and chronic): viral infections, including HIV; bacterial; parasitic; fungal 18–95 Cancer: hematological and solid tumors 30–77 Autoimmune: 8–71  Rheumatoid arthritis …

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Technological Aspect for Hemodialysis

Mar 12, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Technological Aspect for Hemodialysis

Fig. 5.1 Relationship between molecular weight and clearance (K) What solutes should be removed is significantly important from the point of view of technological aspect introduced in this chapter. Small…

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Peritoneal Dialysis Prescription

Mar 12, 2018 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Peritoneal Dialysis Prescription

Fig. 14.1 The essential indicators for determining optimal dialysis. RRF , residual renal function 14.1.1 Adequate Solute Clearance In dialysis patients, solute clearance is determined by clearance derived from both…

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