NEPHROLOGY

Peritoneal Dialysis and Home Hemodialysis

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Peritoneal Dialysis and Home Hemodialysis

Peritoneal Dialysis and Home Hemodialysis Lisa Koester Brent Miller Peritoneal Dialysis General Principles Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a form of renal replacement therapy that utilizes the patient’s peritoneal membrane and…

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Hemodialysis

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Hemodialysis

Hemodialysis Frank O’Brien General Principles The loss of kidney function in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) results in uremia and an impairment in regulation of fluids and electrolytes. Without intervention, ESRD…

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Onconephrology

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Onconephrology

Onconephrology Monica Chang-Panesso Benjamin D. Humphreys Introduction The advent of numerous targeted chemotherapy agents and improvements in hematopoietic stem cell transplants over the past two decades have significantly improved the…

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Secondary Causes of Hypertension

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Secondary Causes of Hypertension

Secondary Causes of Hypertension Randy Laine Patricia F. Kao Introduction This chapter will cover nonrenovascular etiologies of secondary hypertension (sHTN), focusing specifically on hormonal and monogenic causes. The work-up for…

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Renal Artery Stenosis and Renovascular Hypertension

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Renal Artery Stenosis and Renovascular Hypertension

Renal Artery Stenosis and Renovascular Hypertension Reem Daloul Aubrey Morrison General Principles The structural finding of a narrowed renal artery lumen defines renal artery stenosis (RAS). Renal vascular hypertension (RVHTN)…

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Nephrolithiasis

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Nephrolithiasis

Nephrolithiasis Seth Goldberg General Principles Kidney stones are crystalline structures in the urinary tract that have achieved sufficient size to cause symptoms or be visible by radiographic imaging techniques. Most…

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Renal Diseases in Pregnancy

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Renal Diseases in Pregnancy

Renal Diseases in Pregnancy Deepa Amberker Will Ross General Principles Pregnancy is associated with predictable anatomic changes of the kidney and is characterized by physiologic changes of systemic and renal…

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Cystic Disease of the Kidney

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Cystic Disease of the Kidney

Cystic Disease of the Kidney Seth Goldberg Polycystic Kidney Disease General Principles Classification Polycystic kidney disease has two well-defined autosomal dominant forms (autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease 1 [ADPKD1] and…

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Diabetic Nephropathy

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic Nephropathy George Jarad General Principles Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in diabetic patients. Early recognition, diagnosis,…

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Management of Chronic Kidney Disease

Apr 17, 2020 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Management of Chronic Kidney Disease

Management of Chronic Kidney Disease Nurelign Abebe Marcos Rothstein General Principles Definition Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by abnormalities of kidney structure or function, present for >3 months. These…

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