Cystoscopy: Cystoscopic Views

Jul 4, 2016 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Cystoscopy: Cystoscopic Views

Following inspection of the mucosal surface, various procedures may be performed by inserting instruments into the working channel. After these procedures are completed, the cystoscope is removed, and the bladder…

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Cystoscopy: Cystoscope Design

Jul 4, 2016 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Cystoscopy: Cystoscope Design

Flexible Cystoscopes. Flexible cystoscopes have small, soft, flexible shafts; a working channel; and an irrigation port. The optics consist of either fiberoptic bundles or, more recently, a distal sensor (either…

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Ureteral Reimplantation

Jul 4, 2016 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Ureteral Reimplantation

Postoperatively, the patient should receive double the maintenance intravenous fluid rate for the first 12 to 24 hours, which will irrigate the bladder and ureteral anastomosis. The Foley catheter should…

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Ureteral Reconstruction

Jul 4, 2016 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Ureteral Reconstruction

An ileal ureter, which introduces the bowel into the urinary tract, is used for wide ureteral defects or other surgically complex cases that require more drastic reconstruction efforts. Patients with…

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Ureteroscopy: Stone Fragmentation and Extraction

Jul 4, 2016 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Ureteroscopy: Stone Fragmentation and Extraction

COMPLICATIONS When performed properly, ureteroscopy is associated with few complications. The most common complications include stent colic (discomfort from the ureteral stent), transient hematuria, and urinary tract infection. The most…

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Ureteroscopy: Device Design and Deployment

Jul 4, 2016 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on Ureteroscopy: Device Design and Deployment

TECHNIQUE Before undergoing ureteroscopy, the patient should have a documented negative urinalysis and urine culture, so as to reduce the risk of urosepsis. The majority of ureteroscopic procedures are performed…

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