Management of Anastomotic Leak

Jul 15, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Management of Anastomotic Leak

Introduction Although significant improvements in oncologic outcomes after surgery for colorectal cancer have been achieved, the issue of anastomotic leaks remains a challenge. In fact, an anastomotic leak is one…

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Surgical Management of Cancer of the Colon

Jul 15, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Surgical Management of Cancer of the Colon

Introduction Surgical resection is the primary curative treatment for patients with localized colorectal cancer. The most accurate prognostic indicator of colon cancer is its stage at diagnosis, and in patients…

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Acute and Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia

Jul 15, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Acute and Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia

Introduction Mesenteric ischemia can be either acute or chronic. The acute variant is a life-threatening disease of sudden onset and has several distinctly different causes. Most patients who are diagnosed…

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Reoperative Pelvic Surgery

Jul 15, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Reoperative Pelvic Surgery

Introduction Reoperative pelvic surgery is one of the most difficult challenges a colon and rectal surgeon can face. Anatomic, postsurgical, and disease-specific factors combine to present unique challenges with significant…

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Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Small and Large Intestine

Jul 15, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Small and Large Intestine

Definition Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) derive from neuroendocrine cells (also called enterochromaffin cells or enterochromaffin-like cells) of the endoderm of the fore-, mid-, and hindgut. These cells are diffusely distributed in…

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Nutritional Support in Colorectal Surgery

Jul 15, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Nutritional Support in Colorectal Surgery

Acknowledgment We gratefully acknowledge Maureen E. Rombeau, MA, for editorial assistance. Introduction Surgeons are justifiably proud of their seminal contributions to nutritional care of the hospitalized patient. These contributions include…

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Radiation Enteritis and Proctocolitis

Jul 15, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Radiation Enteritis and Proctocolitis

Background Radiation was first used as a treatment modality for breast cancer in 1896, and a year later Dr. David Walsh, a physician at the Western Skin Hospital, London, described…

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Management of Small Bowel Crohn Disease

Jul 15, 2019 by in GENERAL Comments Off on Management of Small Bowel Crohn Disease

Introduction Crohn disease is described according to age of onset, disease location, and disease behavior. The disease location usually remains constant throughout a patient’s lifetime and is categorized as disease…

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