COLITIS

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on COLITIS

CASE SCENARIO Print Section Listen A 75-year-old man with a history of coronary artery disease, hypertension, and diabetes, who underwent a hip replacement 2 weeks ago, presents to the emergency…

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SMALL-BOWEL OBSTRUCTION

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on SMALL-BOWEL OBSTRUCTION

CASE SCENARIO Print Section Listen A 62-year-old woman with worsening mid-abdominal pain, bloating, obstipation, nausea, and bilious vomiting presents to the emergency department. Her past surgical history is significant for…

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ACUTE APPENDICITIS

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on ACUTE APPENDICITIS

CASE SCENARIO Print Section Listen A 27-year-old woman with no past medical history presents to the emergency room with 24 hours of abdominal pain. The day prior to presentation, she…

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PLAIN FILMS: BASICS

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on PLAIN FILMS: BASICS

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen X-rays are high-energy electromagnetic waves that have been used in diagnostic imaging since their discovery in 1896 by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen. They consist of electromagnetic components…

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LARGE-BOWEL OBSTRUCTION

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on LARGE-BOWEL OBSTRUCTION

CASE SCENARIO Print Section Listen An 84-year-old woman with a history of Parkinson’s disease presents to the emergency department with mental status changes and progressive abdominal distension. She is currently…

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DIVERTICULITIS

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on DIVERTICULITIS

CASE SCENARIO Print Section Listen A 47-year-old man presents to the emergency room with 3 days of abdominal pain. The pain is localized in the left lower quadrant and suprapubic…

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ULTRASOUND: BASICS

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on ULTRASOUND: BASICS

ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS Print Section Listen Ultrasound imaging uses the pulse-echo principle in which a short burst of sound waves are emitted from a transducer and directed to the underlying tissue….

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BEDSIDE ULTRASOUND FOR SURGEONS

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on BEDSIDE ULTRASOUND FOR SURGEONS

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Ultrasound is an available, portable tool that is easy to use and can provide the clinician with essential information for patient care. The use of ultrasound…

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PERFORATED HOLLOW VISCUS

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on PERFORATED HOLLOW VISCUS

CASE SCENARIO Print Section Listen An 80-year-old woman with hypertension presents to the emergency department with the sudden onset of severe abdominal pain. The pain began abruptly 1 hour prior…

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COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY: BASICS

Dec 30, 2018 by in UROLOGY Comments Off on COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY: BASICS

INTRODUCTION Print Section Listen Computed tomography (CT) has gained widespread acceptance for the evaluation of patients in the emergency setting. Its cross-sectional nature confers significant reliability and accuracy in detecting…

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