NEPHROLOGY

Overview and Staging of Renal Neoplasms

Nov 27, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Overview and Staging of Renal Neoplasms

Renal cell tumors  Papillary adenoma  Oncocytoma  Clear cell renal cell carcinoma   Multilocular cystic clear cell renal cell neoplasm of low malignant potentiala  Papillary renal cell carcinoma  Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma…

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Nonneoplastic Disease Presenting as a Renal Lesion

Nov 27, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Nonneoplastic Disease Presenting as a Renal Lesion

Infectious conditions Focal pyelonephritis Renal abscess Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis Malakoplakia Aspergillosis Echinococcus Upper tract fungal infection Cystic lesions Acquired cystic kidney disease Polycystic kidney disease Miscellaneous lesions Renal-adrenal fusion Ectopic adrenal…

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Embryology, Anatomy, and Histology of the Kidney

Nov 27, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Embryology, Anatomy, and Histology of the Kidney

Fig. 1.1 (a) Lateral view of embryo in fourth week. (b) Transverse section demonstrating development of the urogenital ridge from the intermediate mesoderm (reprinted with permission, Cleveland Clinic Center for…

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Conventional Forms of Renal Neoplasia

Nov 27, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Conventional Forms of Renal Neoplasia

, Omer A. Raheem1 and Ahmed Shabaik2 (1) Department of Urology, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA (2) Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, 200 West…

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Glomerular Disease

Nov 27, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Glomerular Disease

Indications Contraindications Relative Absolute Nephrotic syndrome Severe azotemia Uncooperative patient  Routinely in adults Renal anatomic abnormalities Uncontrollable hypertension  If atypical for MCD in children Antiplatelet therapy or anticoagulation Uncontrollable bleeding…

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Pediatric Renal Neoplasms

Nov 27, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Pediatric Renal Neoplasms

Fig. 11.1 Wilms tumor Histologically, WT most commonly shows three distinct components that consist of blastemal, epithelial, and stromal elements (Fig. 11.2a). Biphasic and monophasic patterns may also occur. The…

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Polycystic Kidney Disease

Nov 27, 2016 by in NEPHROLOGY Comments Off on Polycystic Kidney Disease

Fig. 2.1 Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease . The kidney is massively enlarged with innumerable cysts Histologically, the cysts are lined by a single layer of cuboidal or flattened epithelial…

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