HEPATOPANCREATOBILIARY

Ulcerative Colitis

Jul 12, 2016 by in HEPATOPANCREATOBILIARY Comments Off on Ulcerative Colitis

First author Location Age range Time period studied Incidence Henderson 2012 [6] Scotland < 16 years 2003–2008 2.1 Benchimol 2009 [7] Ontario, Canada < 18 years 1994–2005  1994 4.1 2005…

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Microvillus Inclusion Disease and Tufting Enteropathy

Jul 12, 2016 by in HEPATOPANCREATOBILIARY Comments Off on Microvillus Inclusion Disease and Tufting Enteropathy

Small-intestinal enteropathy of unknown origin Intractable ulcerating enterocolitis of infancy Congenital enterocyte heparan sulfate deficiency Congenital intestinal integrin deficiency Congenital secretory diarrheas Congenital chloridorrhea Congenital Na-losing diarrhea Autoimmune enteropathy Diseases…

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Autoimmune Liver Disease

Jul 12, 2016 by in HEPATOPANCREATOBILIARY Comments Off on Autoimmune Liver Disease

Fig. 63.1 Histological features of autoimmune hepatitis. a Portal and periportal lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltrate, extending to and disrupting the parenchymal limiting plate (interface hepatitis). Swollen hepatocytes, pyknotic necroses…

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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Jul 12, 2016 by in HEPATOPANCREATOBILIARY Comments Off on Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Fig. 66.1 Factors associated with the pathogenesis of NAFLD. PNLA pectin lyase, APOC apolipoprotein C, TNF tumor necrosis factor, KLF Kruppel-like factor, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids, NAFLD nonalcoholic fatty liver…

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Intestinal Parasites

Jul 12, 2016 by in HEPATOPANCREATOBILIARY Comments Off on Intestinal Parasites

Parasite First-line medication(s) Alternative(s) Protozoa Giardia lamblia Metronidazole or tinidazole 1. Nitazoxanide, albendazole, mebendazole Entamoeba histolytica 1 Invasive disease 1. Metronidazole or tinidazole 1. Ornidazole and nitazoxanide 2. Asymptomatic carriers,…

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Intussusception

Jul 12, 2016 by in HEPATOPANCREATOBILIARY Comments Off on Intussusception

Fig. 48.1 Air enema showing intussusception up to the rectum Spontaneous reduction is another possible outcome and reportedly occurs in almost 20 % of intussusceptions [4]. Etiology The pathogenesis of intussusception…

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