Surgery of the Endocrine Pancreas



  • Tumors may be functional (ie, a clinical syndrome of excessive levels of such hormones as insulin, gastrin, VIP, somatostatin, and glucagon) or nonfunctional (ie, normal serum marker levels [excluding pancreatic polypeptide, chromogranin A]).
  • Tumors may be sporadic or a manifestation of an inherited endocrinopathy (multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 [MEN-1], von Hippel-Lindau [VHL]).
  • Nonfunctional tumors demonstrable via radiologic examination should be resected.
  • All functional tumors should be resected.
  • Sinistral portal hypertension.



  • Inoperable, metastatic disease.
  • Small (< 1 cm), nonfunctional tumors in patients with an inherited endocrinopathy.
  • Functional tumors with a medically controlled syndrome in patients with an inherited endocrinopathy who have undergone previous pancreatic resection.
  • Pregnancy (first trimester).
  • Multiple comorbidities precluding safe surgical intervention.

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Jan 8, 2019 | Posted by in UROLOGY | Comments Off on Surgery of the Endocrine Pancreas
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